House dust mites (HDM, or simply dust mites) are a large number of mites found in association with dust in dwellings. The main species are identified as: Dermatophagoides farinae (American house dust mite). Dermatophagoides microceras. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (European house dust mite). Euroglyphus maynei (Mayne's house dust mite). The dust mites are cosmopolitan members of the mite family Pyroglyphidae.
Dust is made of fine particles of solid matter. On Earth, it generally consists of particles in the atmosphere that come from various sources such as soil, dust lifted by wind (an aeolian process), volcanic eruptions, and pollution
Dust mites are microscopic, insect-like pests that commonly live in house dust. They feed on flakes of dead skin, or dander, that are shed by people and pets. Cockroaches are another source of indoor allergens. Traditional medications, such as antihistamines and inhaled steroids, may provide short-term control of allergy or asthma symptoms caused by dust mites or cockroaches. Immunotherapy, such as allergy shots and tablets, can change the body’s immune response to allergens and may offer long-term control. 1 People who suspect they are allergic to dust mites or cockroaches can see their doctor and get tested. Dust Mite Prevention Strategies. No matter how clean a home is, dust mites cannot be completely eliminated.
If you have allergies or asthma, a tiny creature living in your home could be making big problems for you. Although you can’t see them, you may be having an allergic reaction to them. They are dust mites and they live in many homes throughout the world. Dust mites may be the most common trigger of year-round allergies and asthma. They are on every continent except Antarctica. It may not be possible to rid your home entirely of these creatures. A dust mite measures only about one-quarter to one-third of a millimeter. They are too small to see with your eyes alone. Under a microscope, they look like white bugs. They have eight legs, so they are not insects, but arthropods, like spiders. Dust mites thrive in temperatures of 68 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit (20 to 25 degrees Celsius). They also like humidity levels of 70 to 80 percent. There are at least 13 species of mites.
If a dust mite infestation is not treated properly, it can lead to wheezing, asthma attacks, and other health problems. This quick guide can help you learn more about the health dangers of dust mites and how you can avoid the ill effects that sometimes come along with them. During a life cycle of just a few weeks, each dust mite can produce up to two thousand of these particles. When you combine this with the excellent reproductive capacity of dust mites, you have a recipe for allergies and breathing difficulties. This is precisely why dust mites can be so dangerous to one’s health. What Causes the Allergic Reaction? The waste produced by mites contains a variety of allergens that can trigger sneezing, wheezing, inflamed skin, runny nose, red eyes, and itchiness.